“Why structures and patterns?” asked the Young Apprentice.
“Your brain is a meaning-making organisation,” replied the Magician. “It actively seeks out patterns in order to impose meaning and understanding on events and information. It seeks out relationships between things and organises the results into hierarchies of information that will be easy to store and remember. It chunks up to generalisation and abstraction and chunks down to detail and precision.”
“Can you give me an example?”
“Sure, here’s a simple one. How do you remember the colours of the rainbow in the correct sequence?”
“That’s easy: VIBGYOR!”
“Exactly, your mnemonic VIBGYOR is a generalisation, a higher level of information than the details it triggers: violet, indigo, blue, green yellow, orange, red.”
The Magic of Metaphor by Nick Owen p69